Paving the way to a high-income economy

The National Transformation Programme (NTP) was established in 2009 to promote inclusive and sustainable socioeconomic growth with the objective of transforming Malaysia into a high-income nation.

The NTP was driven by the National Key Results Areas (NKRA), National Key Economic Areas (NKEA) and Strategic Reform Initiatives (SRI).

In order to accelerate the delivery of results in both social and economic areas, Malaysia adopted the 8-step Methodology to develop the National Transformation Programme (NTP).


Private sector driving growth

2.2x growth in private investment CAGR

since NTP launch; private investment ratio now more than 60% of GDP

Ensuring sustainability of public finances

Fiscal deficit at


in 2015 versus 6.7% in 2009

Escaped from middle-income trap

As at 2015, Malaysia’s GNI per capita was US$10,010, progressively approaching the World Bank’s high-income GNI per capita threshold of


Inclusive socioeconomic impact

2.26 Million

jobs created

Improved the livelihoods of

302,946 low-income and hardcore poor individuals

by creating opportunities to generate better income

2.9 million individuals

lifted out of poverty through minimum wage policy

Before AZAM Tani, I used to earn only RM200 a month from a 1.4-hectare paddy field which I rented. I now earn RM12,000 – RM18,000 per season compared to only RM2,000 previously and this has allowed me to rent another 2.8-hectares of paddy field and invest in more modern equipment.

Paddy farmer
Bukit Rambai Melaka

Lowest household income earners

Increase wages at a faster pace

(CAGR: 12.0%) than total household income growth (CAGR:10%)

Eased the burdens of

7.28 million low-income households and individuals

through direct, targeted assistance programmes

6.6 million
rural people benefited from

of rural roads completed

houses connected to electricity

houses connected to clean water